Table 1

Enzyme localization in Chlamydomonas reinhardtiia

Table 1
  • a The enzyme abbreviations (Abb.) are shown in the leftmost column, and the enzymes are shown in the second column. The reactions are shown in the third column; the reactions with an arrow from left to right are generally favorable reactions (glycolysis), and the reactions with an arrow from right to left are generally unfavorable reactions (gluconeogenesis), but this should be checked individually. Q, quinone. Enzyme localization in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in the mitochondrion (Mit.), cytoplasm (Cyt.), flagella (F.), or chloroplast (Chl.) is shown in the three rightmost columns. Symbols: ■, the enzyme is active or a peptide is found in the specified compartment (it may be also found in other compartments); □, enzyme activity is negligible in the specified compartment in comparison with other compartments as a control; —, the peptide has not been found in the specified compartment. The boxes around the localization of the glycolytic and gluconeogenic enzymes highlight the dual compartmentalization of these pathways between chloroplast and cytosol in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The lowercase letters and symbols next to the squares indicate the reference(s) the data were taken from as follows: a, reference 35; b, reference 7; c, reference 6; d, reference 5; e, reference 64; †, reference 123; ‡, reference 44; §, reference 124; ¶, references 43, 49, and 50; #, reference 62. For the reaction column, when ATP [or NAD(P)H] is shown on one side, ADP + Pi [or NAD(P)+] is also implied on the other side (omitted here for simplicity). The asterisks next to the PAT and ACK enzyme abbreviations indicate that the reactions are essentially reversible and can serve either in acetate assimilation under aerobic conditions for the supply in acetyl-CoA of the glyoxylate and TCA cycles or in fermentative acetate production under anoxic conditions.